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  • https://scholarship.law.nd.edu
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    Subsidiarity, i.e., “the principle of subsidiarity,” i.e., “the principle of subsidiary function/responsibility,” i.e., the principle that it is unjust for a higher authority (e.g., the state’s government and law) to usurp the self-governing authority that lower authorities (e.g., in families or other civil associations), acting in the service of their own members (groups and persons), rightly have over those members, is a presumptive and defeasible, not an absolute, principle. But it excludes any general policy or aim of assuming the control or managerial direction of lower groups. Its deepest rationale is the intrinsic desirability of self-direction (not least in cooperatively associating with other persons), a good that is to be favored and respected even at the expense of some efficiency in the pursuit of other goods. Though arising out of Aristotelean moral and political theory, it denies or strongly disambiguates a cardinal principle of Aristotelean political theory. It is reflected in the work of Aquinas, Taparelli, Mill and Maitland, before its articulation by Pius XI (1931).

  • https://link.springer.com
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    The philosophical origins of the principle of subsidiarity must be understood historically. This chapter argues that the critical point for the emergence of the principle lay in Thomas Aquinas’s theological interpretation of Aristotle’s political...

  • https://youtu.be
    Solidarity, Subsidiarity, and Well-Being

    Video Recording of "Work and Well-Being in 21st Century America: Promoting Productive & Purposeful Communities" webinar co-sponsored by the Human Flourishing Program at Harvard University and the Abigail Adams Institute, held on September 17, 2021. Link to the event: https://hfh.fas.harvard.edu/work-and-well-being-in-21st-Century-America

  • Some Reflections on the Common Good in Modern Catholic Social Doctrine

    ⭐️ Donate $5 to help keep these videos FREE for everyone! Pay it forward for the next viewer: https://go.thomisticinstitute.org/donate-youtube-a101 Common good of a human society is a duplex ordo, a two-fold order. If you don’t get both, you’re going to make a mess of things. For human beings, social union—the intrinsic common good—is what Aristotle and Aquinas call the form of order. It’s real, but it’s a social form and not a substantial form. And of course the extrinsic common good which is the end or the goal, maybe ends even in some cases, of the social form. This lecture was given to the Dominican House of Studies on February 26, 2021 as part of the second installment of the annual Thomistic Circles series: What is the Common Good? ABOUT THOMISTIC CIRCLES: Our Thomistic Circles Conferences at the Dominican House of Studies in Washington, D.C. bring together prominent professors (principally in theology and philosophy), graduate students, seminarians, and Dominican brothers to provide a forum for examining contemporary questions from the perspective of classical Catholic theology, and to encourage the renewal of theology and philosophy in the Thomistic tradition. These conferences are distinctive not only because of their academic quality, but also because they take place in the context of a vibrant Dominican studium and religious community. As befits the Dominican tradition, the serious study of theology and philosophy is integrated with the contemplation of the mysteries of the faith. Thomistic Circles have been held under the auspices of the faculty at the Dominican House of Studies (founded in Washington, D.C. in 1905) for most of its history. ABOUT THE SPEAKER: Russell Hittinger is a graduate of the University of Notre Dame and the University of St. Louis. He was the Warren Chair of Catholic Studies and Research Professor of Law at the University of Tulsa from 1996-2019. Russell has been a member of the Pontifical Academy of St. Thomas Aquinas since 2001 and was appointed an ordinarius in the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences in 2009 by Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI. He has taught at Fordham University and at the Catholic University of America, as well as at many other universities as a visiting professor, including Providence College and Princeton. Along with a plethora of articles, he has written The First Grace: Rediscovering Natural Law in a Post-Christian Age and A Critique of the New Natural Law Theory. ————————— Subscribe to our YouTube channel here: https://www.youtube.com/c/TheThomisticInstitute Stay connected on social media: Facebook — https://www.facebook.com/ThomisticInstitute Instagram — https://www.instagram.com/thomisticinstitute/ Twitter — https://twitter.com/ThomisticInst Visit us at: https://thomisticinstitute.org/

  • Counsels of Imperfection: Thinking through Catholic Social Teaching

    For more than a century, the teaching authority of the Catholic Church has attempted to walk along with the modern world, criticizing what is bad and praising what is good. Counsels of Imperfection described the current state of that fairly bumpy journey. The book is divided into 11 chapters. First comes an introduction to ever-changing modernity and the unchanging Christian understanding of human nature and society. Then come two chapters on economics, including a careful delineation of the Catholic response, past and present, to socialism and capitalism. The next topic is government, with one chapter on Church and State, another on War, and a third that runs quickly through democracy, human rights, the welfare state, crimes and punishments (including the death penalty), anti-Semitism, and migration. Counsels of Imperfection then dedicates two chapters on ecology, including an enthusiastic analysis of Francis’s “technocratic paradigm”. The last topic is the family teaching, which presents the social aspects of the Church’s sexual teaching. A brief concluding chapter looks at the teaching’s changing response to the modern world, and at the ambiguous Catholic appreciation of the modern idea of progress. For each topic, Counsels of Imperfection provides biblical, historical and a broad philosophical background. Thomas Aquinas appears often, but so does G. W. F Hegel. The goal is not only to explain what the Church really says, but also how it got to its current position and who it is arguing with. In the spirit of a doctrine that is always in development, Counsels of Imperfection points out both strong-points and imperfections in the teaching. The book should be of interest to specialists in Catholic Social Teaching, but its main audience is curious newcomers, especially people who do not want to be told that there are simple Catholic answers to the complicated problems of the modern world.